The future of agriculture in India looks with new prospects and innovations in the agricultural field. India is an agricultural country. Agriculture is cover 16% of the GDP but the largest sector for employment over 50% of the economy of India depends on agriculture.
Approximately 70% of Indian’s rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood.
agriculture’s contribution to India’s GDP has reduced over the years from 50% in 1950 to 17.3% in 2016. From being the largest contributor to the country’s GDP, agriculture is now in real danger of becoming a growing economy.
65% of the rural population engaged in agriculture which leads to an average income of approximately RS7000 a month. As a result, the farmer’s income has declined in a considerable way.
Other unfavorable conditions in the farming process include contamination of groundwater, water table depletion, pollution of the earth’s surface, the negative effect of greenhouse gases.
The future of agriculture in India should be fewer, educated farmers running highly efficient farms and producing high-value goods
Does The Future of Agriculture in India Need Investment?
India agriculture has a lack of finance due to low productivity. In order to promote the participation of the private sector, the Indian government allowed 100% foreign direct investment in several segments of the agricultural industry. These investments can be used to promote agricultural research and development and protect the environment, which could contribute to the overall increase in agricultural productivity.
By the investment in India, India is expected to achieve the ambitions objectives of doubling farmer’s Agricultural revenue by 2022. The government of India aims to increase a farmer’s average household income to Rs 220,000 by 2022-23 from Rs 96,000 in 2015-16 at present prices.
The government starts investing in the education of Agriculture to the farmers to develop their skills by using new technology for growing the crops. It is unfortunate that the farmers are unaware of the new farming equipments and agricultural techniques. It has become very important and needs for new technologies.
What Changes in the future of Agriculture in India?
- New marketing and supply chain model It is very important for the Agriculture sector about the level of the supply chain. The area improving irrigation facility, input delivery, cold storage, diversification of farmers, credit irrigation, etc. Some of the other places where it must stand upright are efficient processing, competitive retailing, warehousing, better marketing techniques, etc.
- With the increase in employment opportunities in the rural sectors. The burden on the Agricultural sector will decrease. As a result, the government will be in a position to go ahead with the fine-tuning of the policies.
- Well, educated farmers, who can use the best of modern technology by this we have to both increase production and decrease in farming labor for our farmers to have an increase in earning.
- India is aware of the technology but the farmers fail to adopt due to the cost of the new Agriculture machines and knowledge. Financial viability has to be leveraged by the government and introduce renting machines or schemes like “RASHTRIYA KRISHI YOJANA” so that new technology can be brought in to practice.
- India is expected to achieve the ambitious objective of doubling farmer’s Agricultural revenue by 2022. In the coming years, India is expected to be self-sufficient in pulses due to the concerted efforts of scientists to obtain early maturation varieties of pulses and the increase in the minimum support price.
Yojana made by Government for a better change in Agriculture
- Pradhanmantri Gram Sinchai Yojana; The aim is to irrigate the farmer’s fields and improve the efficiency of water use to achieve the motto” Per Drop More Drop”. The scheme overall ensures better access to irrigation.
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana: The scheme aims to motivate groups of farmers to take up organic farming. The farmers even now have an option for chemical-free farming using metabolites based bio Agriculture inputs which are a perfect replacement to chemical-based input and help in residue-free farming. The future will be technologically driven and research-oriented.